**CIVIL R13 1st year COURSE STRUCTURE**

S.No. | I B. Tech. I Semester | S.No. | I B. Tech. II Semester | ||||||||

Code | Subject | T | P/D | C | Code | Subject | T | P/D | C | ||

1 | CE111 | English – I | 3+1* | -- | 3 | 1 | CE121 | English - II | 3+1* | -- | 3 |

2 | CE112 | Mathematics - I | 3+1* | -- | 3 | 2 | CE122 | Mathematics – II (Mathematical Methods) | 3+1* | -- | 3 |

3 | CE113 | Engineering Chemistry | 3+1* | -- | 3 | 3 | CE123 | Mathematics-III | 3+1* | -- | 3 |

4 | CE114 | Engineering Mechanics | 3+1* | -- | 3 | 4 | CE124 | Engineering Physics | 3+1* | -- | 3 |

5 | CE115 | Computer Programming | 3+1* | -- | 3 | 5 | CE125 | Professional Ethical & Human Values | 3+1* | -- | 3 |

6 | CE116 | Environmental Studies | 3+1* | -- | 3 | 6 | CE126 | Engineering Drawing | 1 | 3 | 3 |

7 | CE117 | Engineering Chemistry Laboratory | -- | 3 | 2 | 7 | CE127 | English-Communication Skills Lab - II | -- | 3 | 2 |

8 | CE118 | English – Communication Skills Lab - I | -- | 3 | 2 | 8 | CE128 | Engineering Physics Laboratory | -- | 3 | 2 |

9 | CE119 | C Programming Lab | -- | 3 | 2 | 9 | CE129 | Engineering Workshop & IT Workshop | -- | 3 | 2 |

10 | Engineering Physics Virtual Lab Assignments | -- | 2 | -- | |||||||

Total Credits | 24 | Total Credits | 24 |

**T- Theory P/D – Practical / Drawing * Tutorial**

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – I Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

3+1 | 0 | 3 | ||

| ENGLISH –I(Common to All Branches) | |

__DETAILED TEXT-I English Essentials: Recommended Topics:__**IN LONDON: M.K.GANDHI**

__OBJECTIVE:__To apprise the learner how Gandhi spent a period of three years in London as a student.

__OUTCOME__: The learner will understand how Gandhi grew in introspection and maturity.

**THE KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY- APJ KALAM**

__OBJECTIVE__: To make the learners rediscover India as a land of Knowledge.

__OUTCOME__The learners will achieve a higher quality of life, strength and sovereignty of a developed nation.

**:****THE SCIENTIFIC POINT OF VIEW- J.B.S. HALDANE**

**: This essay discusses how scientific point of view seeks to arrive at the truth without being biased by emotion.**

__OBJECTIVE__**This develops in the student the scientific attitude to solve many problems which we find difficult to tackle.**

__OUTCOME:__**PRINCIPLES OF GOOD WRITING:**

**: To inform the learners how to write clearly and logically.**

__OBJECTIVE__**: The learner will be able to think clearly and logically and write clearly and logically.**

__OUTCOME__**MAN’S PERIL**

**: To inform the learner that all men are in peril.**

__OBJECTIVE__**The learner will understand that all men can come together and avert the peril.**

__OUTCOME:__**THE DYING SUN—SIR JAMES JEANS**

**: This excerpt from the book “The Mysterious Universe” presents the mysterious nature of the Universe and the stars which present numerous problems to the scientific mind. Sir James Jeans uses a poetic approach to discuss the scientific phenomena.**

__OBJECTIVE__**: This provides the students to think about the scientific phenomena from a different angle and also exposes the readers to poetic expressions.**

__OUTCOME__**LUCK—MARK TWAIN**

**This is a short story about a man’s public image and his true nature. The theme of the story is that luck can be a factor of life, so that even if one is incompetent but lucky, one can still succeed.**

__OBJECTIVE:__**: The story is humourous in that it contains a lot of irony. Thus this develops in the learner understand humourous texts and use of words for irony.**

__OUTCOME__**Text Book**: ‘English Essentials’ by Ravindra Publications

__NON-DETAILED TEXT:__

**(From Modern Trailblazers of Orient Blackswan)**

**(Common single Text book for two semesters)**

**(Semester I (1 to 4 lessons)/ Semester II (5 to 8 lessons)**

**D. Naidu**

**OBJECTIVE:**To inspire the learners by G. D. Naidu’s example of inventions and contributions.

**OUTCOME:**The learner will be in a position to emulate G. D. Naidu and take to practical applications.

**R. Gopinath**

**OBJECTIVE:**To inspire the learners by his example of inventions.

**OUTCOME:**Like G.R.Gopinath, the learners will be able to achieve much at a low cost and help the common man.

**Sudhamurthy**

**OBJECTIVE:**To inspire the learners by the unique interests and contributions of Sudha Murthy.

**OUTCOME:**The learner will take interest in multiple fields of knowledge and make life worthwhile through social service.

**Vijay Bhatkar**

**OBJECTIVE:**To inspire the learner by his work and studies in different fields of engineering and science.

**OUTCOME:**The learner will emulate him and produce memorable things.

**Text Book**: ‘Trail Blazers’ by Orient Black Swan Pvt. Ltd. Publishers

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – I Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

3+1 | 0 | 3 | ||

| MATHEMATICS – I (DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS)(Common to All Branches) | |

**Course Learning Objectives:**

The objectives of the course is to make the student understand how to

- formulate and solve both ordinary and partial differential equations
- identify and analyze the applications of differential equations in Engineering and real world Problems
- become competent enough to work on multidisciplinary teams and design systems to meet desired needs with in economic, social, ethical, safety manufacturability and sustainability and optimal constraints.

**UNIT I: Differential equations of first order and first degree:**

Linear – Bernoulli – Exact - Reducible to exact.

Applications: Newton’s Law of cooling-Law of natural growth and decay-orthogonal trajectories.

**UNIT II: Linear differential equations of higher order:**

Non-homogeneous linear equations of higher order with constant coefficients with RHS term of the type e

*, Sin ax, cos ax, polynomials in x, e*

^{ax}*V(x), xV(x).*

^{ax}Applications: LCR circuit, Simple Harmonic motion

**UNIT III:**

**Laplace transforms:**

Laplace transforms of standard functions-Shifting Theorems, Transforms of derivatives and integrals – Unit step function –Dirac’s delta function- Inverse Laplace transforms– Convolution theorem (with out proof).

Application: Solutions of ordinary differential equations using Laplace transforms.

**UNIT IV Partial differentiation:**

Introduction- Total derivative-Chain rule-Generalized Mean Value theorem for single variable (without proof)-Taylors and Mc Laurent’s series for two variables– Functional dependence- Jacobian.

Applications: Maxima and Minima of functions of two variables without constraints. Three variables – with constraints – reducible to two variables form and Lagrange’s method of undetermined multipliers.

**UNIT V**

**First order Partial differential equations:**

Formation of partial differential equations by elimination of arbitrary constants and arbitrary functions –solutions of first order linear equation (Lagrange) and nonlinear (standard type) equations

**UNIT VI Higher order Partial differential equations:**

Solutions of Linear Partial differential equations with constant coefficients- Method of separation of Variables

Applications: One- dimensional Wave, Heat equations - two-dimensional Laplace Equation.

**Books:**

**S.GREWAL,**Higher Engineering Mathematics, 42^{nd}Edition, Khanna Publishers**ERWIN KREYSZIG,**Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 9^{th}Edition, Wiley-India**GREENBERG,**Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 2^{nd}edition, Pearson edn**DEAN G. DUFFY,**Advanced engineering mathematics with MATLAB, CRC Press**PETER O’NEIL,**advanced Engineering Mathematics, Cengage Learning.

**Course out comes:**

After completion of the course student could be able to

- formulate and solve both ordinary and partial differential equations
- identify and analyze the applications of differential equations in Engineering and real world

Problems

- find the conditions for the maxima and minima of function of two variables
- solve differential equations using Laplace transforms and the importance of Laplace transforms in engineering problems

SubjectCategory | ABET LearningObjectives | ABET Internal Assessments | JNTUK External Evaluation | Remarks |

Theory Design Analysis Algorithms Drawing Others | a) Apply knowledge of math, science, & engineering b) Design & conduct experiments, analyze & interpret data c) Design a system/process to meet desired needs within economic, social, political, ethical, health/safety, manufacturability, & sustainability constraints d) Function on multidisciplinary teams e) Identify, formulate, & solve engineering problems f) Understand professional & ethical responsibilities g) Communicate effectively h) Understand impact of engineering solutions in global, economic, environmental, & societal context i) Recognize need for & be able to engage in lifelong learning j) Know contemporary issues k) Use techniques, skills, modern tools for engineering practices | 1. Objective tests 2. Essay questions tests 3. Peer tutoring based 4. Simulation based 5. Design oriented 6. Problem based 7. Experiential (project based) based 8. Lab work or field work based 9. Presentation based 10. Case Studies based 11. Role-play based 12. Portfolio based | A. Questions should have: B. Definitions, Principle of operation or philosophy of concept. C. Mathematical treatment, derivations, analysis, synthesis, numerical problems with inference. D. Design oriented problems E. Trouble shooting type of questions F. Applications related questions G. Brain storming questions |

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – I Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

3+1* | 0 | 3 | ||

| ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY | |

**UNIT-I: WATER TECHNOLOGY**

Hard Water – Estimation of hardness by EDTA method – Potable water- Sterilization and Disinfection – Boiler feed water – Boiler troubles – Priming and foaming , scale formation, corrosion, caustic embrittlement, turbine deposits – Softening of water – Lime soda, Zeolite processes – Reverse osmosis – Electro Dialysis, Ion exchange process

**Objectives :**For prospective engineers knowledge about water used in industries (boilers etc.) and for drinking purposes is useful; hence chemistry of hard water, boiler troubles and modern methods of softening hard water is introduced.

**UNIT-II : ELECTROCHEMISTRY**

Concept of Ionic conductance – Ionic Mobilities – Applications of Kohlrausch law – Conductometric titrations – Galvanic cells – Electrode potentials – Nernst equation – Electrochemical series – Potentiometric titrations – Concentration cells – Ion selective electrode –Glass electrodes – Fluoride electrode; Batteries and Fuel cells

Objectives : Knowledge of galvanic cells, electrode potentials, concentration cells is necessary for engineers to understand corrosion problem and its control ; also this knowledge helps in understanding modern bio-sensors, fuel cells and improve them.

**UNIT-III: CORROSION**

Causes and effects of corrosion – theories of corrosion (dry, chemical and electrochemical corrosion) – Factors affecting corrosion – Corrosion control methods – Cathodic protection –Sacrificial Anodic, Impressed current methods – Surface coatings – Methods of application on metals (Hot dipping, Galvanizing, tinning , Cladding, Electroplating, Electroless plating) – Organic surface coatings – Paints – Their constituents and their functions.

**Objectives:**the problems associated with corrosion are well known and the engineers must be aware of these problems and also how to counter them

**UNIT-IV: HIGH POLYMERS**

Types of Polymerization – Stereo regular Polymers – Physical and Mechanical properties of polymers – Plastics – Thermoplastics and thermo setting plastics – Compounding and Fabrication of plastics – Preparation and properties of Polyethylene, PVC and Bakelite – Elastomers – Rubber and Vulcanization – Synthetic rubbers – Styrene butadiene rubber – Thiokol – applications.

**Objectives:**Plastics are materials used very widely as engineering materials. An understanding of properties particularly physical and mechanical properties of polymers / plastics / elastomers helps in selecting suitable materials for different purposes.

**UNIT-V: FUELS**

Coal – Proximate and ultimate analysis – Numerical problems based on analysis – Calorific vaule – HCV and LCV – Problems based on calorific values; petroleum – Refining – Cracking – Petrol – Diesel knocking; Gaseous fuels – Natural gas – LPG, CNG – Combustion – Problems on air requirements.

**Objectives:**A board understanding of the more important fuels employed on a large scale is necessary for all engineer to understand energy – related problems and solve them.

**UNIT-VI: CHEMISTRY OF ADVANCED MATERIALS**

Nanomaterial’s (Preparation of carbon nanotubes and fullerenes – Properties of nanomaterial’s – Engineering applications) – Liquid crystals (Types – Application in LCD and Engineering Applications) – Fiber reinforced plastics – Biodegradable polymers – Conducting polymers – Solar cells (Solar heaters – Photo voltaic cells – Solar reflectors – Green house concepts – Green chemistry (Methods for green synthesis and Applications) – Cement – Hardening and setting – Deterioration of cement concrete

**Objectives:**With the knowledge available now, future engineers should know at least some of the advanced materials that are becoming available. Hence some of them are introduced here.

**TEXT BOOKSS**

- Jain and Jain (Latest Edition), Engineering Chemistry, Dhanpat Rai Publishing company Ltd,
- Y.S.Murthy, V.Anuradha, KRamaRao “A Text Book of Engineering Chemistry”, Maruthi Publications
- Parameswara Murthy, C.V.Agarwal, Adhra Naidu (2006) Text Book of Engineering Chemistry, B.S.Publications
- Sivasankar (2010), Engineering Chemistry, McGraw-Hill companies.
- Venkata Ramana Reddy and Ramadevi (2013) , Engineering Chemistry, Cengage Learning

**REFERENCES**

- S. Dara (2013) Text Book of Engineering Chemistry, S.Chand Technical Series
- Sesha Maheswaramma and Mridula Chugh (2013), Engineering Chemistry, Pearson Publications.
- Gopalan, D.Venkatappayya, Sulochana Nagarajan (2011), Text Book of Engineering Chemistry, Vikas Publications.
- Viswanathan and M.Aulice Scibioh (2009), Fuel Cells, Principals and applications, University Press.

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – I Semester.**

## CE 104 - Engineering Mechanics

**Course Learning Objectives**

**:**

The goal of this course is:

- To introduce the basic concepts of statics and dynamics of solids under the actions, reactions of forces and moments which are essential for any branch of engineering students at graduate level.
- To develop the student’s abilities to analyse simple static and dynamic systems and structures using the knowledge and understanding and analytical tools provided through this module.
- To consolidate the above basic concepts learned through lectures theory and Practice through solving Problems.
- To develop the student’s abilities to apply the above concepts of mechanics in application to engineering Problems. To verify the principles and concepts, solve problems in simple static and dynamic systems.

**Course Outcomes**:

Upon the successful completion of this course, the students will be able to:

- Determine resultant of a system of forces including the moments by analytical as well as graphical methods.
- Analyse the equilibrium conditions of a body/structure under the actions of system of forces (external as well as internal) including the frictional forces using equations of equilibrium and free body diagrams.
- Determine the properties like center of gravity, centroid and moment of inertia for linear elements, areas (lamina) and volumes with various reference axes of single as well as composite bodies.
- Determine the characteristics of various lifting machines.
- Analyse the body under motion (linear motion, rotation and translation and their combination) using kinematics principles (Newton’s laws of motion).
- Determine the characteristics of projectile motion of a body.
- Analyse the body/structure under motion (linear motion, rotation and translation and their combination) using kinetics principles (D’alemberts principle and work –energy equations).
- Analyse the rigid and elastic body/structure under impact loads using principles of momentum and energy.
- Analyse the body/structure using the principle of virtual wok.
- Verify the various laws of forces and moments learned in theory through Problems.
- The student can understand the mechanics and capable of applying these concepts to various engineering Problems encountered in their area.

**SYLLABUS:**

**UNIT – I**

**Introduction of Engineering. Mechanics**– Basic concepts System of Forces- Coplanar Concurrent Forces – Components in Space – Resultant- Moment of Forces and its Application – Couples and Resultant of Force System - Equilibrium of System of Forces- Free body diagrams- Equations of Equilibrium of Coplanar Systems and Spatial Systems.

**UNIT – II**

**Friction:**Types of friction – Limiting friction – Laws of Friction – static and Dynamic Frictions – Motion of Bodies – Wedge, Screw jack and differential Screw jack.

**Transmission of Power:**Belt Drivers – Open, Crossed and compound belt drives –length of belt – tensions - tight side - slack side - Power transmitted and condition for maximum power.

**UNIT – III**

**Centroid and Center of Gravity:**Centroids – Theorem of Pappus- Centroids of Composite figures – Centre of Gravity of Bodies.

**Area moment of Inertia**: Moment of Inertia of Areas – Polar Moment of Inertia – Transfer – Theorems - Moments of Inertia of Composite Figures - product of Inertia - Transfer Formula for product of Inertia.

**Mass Moment of Inertia:**Moment of Inertia of Masses - Transfer Formula for Mass Moments of Inertia - Mass moment of inertia of composite bodies.

**UNIT – IV**

**Kinematics:**Rectilinear and Curve linear motion – Velocity and Acceleration – Motion of a Rigid Body – Types and their Analysis in Planar Motion.

**UNIT – V**

**Kinetics:**Analysis as a particles and Analysis as a Rigid Body in Translation – Central Forces of motion – Equations of Plane Motion – Fixed Axis Rotation – Rolling Bodies - Work–Energy Method - Equation for Translation - Work–Energy application to Particle Motion, Connected System- Fixed axis Rotation and Plane Motion.

**UNTI – VI**

**Mechanical Vibrations:**Definitions, Concepts – Simple Harmonic motion – free vibrations - Simple and compound pendulums – torsional vibrations.

**TEXT BOOKS:**

(1) Engineering Mechanics, by Ferdinand L.Singer Published by Harper Collins Publishers, Singapore.

(2) Engineering Mechanics by S.Timashenko, D.H. Young and J.V. Rao

**REFERENCES:**

- Engineering Mechanics (Statics and Dynamics) by Arthur P.Boresi & Ridhard J.Schmidt – Thomson publications 2001.
- Engineering Mechanics by A.K.Tayal, Umesh Publications
- Engineering Mechanics – Schaum’s series – Mc.Grawhill Publications.
- Engineering Mechanics by R.C.Hibbeler; Pearson education.

***

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – I Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

3+1 | 0 | 3 | ||

| COMPUTER PROGRAMMING | |

**Objectives:**Formulating algorithmic solutions to problems and implementing algorithms in C

**UNIT I:**

**Unit objective: Notion of Operation of a CPU, Notion of an algorithm and computational procedure, editing and executing programs in Linux**

**Introduction:**Computer systems, Hardware and Software Concepts

**,**

**Problem Solving:**Algorithm / Pseudo code, flowchart, program development steps, computer languages: machine, symbolic and highlevel languages, Creating and Running Programs: Writing, Editing (vi/emacs editor), Compiling (gcc), Linking and Executing in under Linux.

**BASICS OF C:**Structure of a C program, identifiers, basic data types and sizes. Constants, Variables, Arthmetic , relational and logical operators, increment and decrement operators, conditional operator, assignment operator, expressions, type conversions, Conditional Expressions, precedence and order of evaluation, Sample Programs.

**UNIT II:**

**Unit objective: understanding branching, iteration and data representation using arrays**

**SELECTION – making decision: Two way selection**: if-else, null else, nested if, examples, Multi-way selection: switch, else-if, examples

**.**

**ITERATIVE:**loops- while, do-while and for statements, break, continue, initialization and updating, event and counter controlled loops, Looping applications: Summation, powers, smallest and largest.

**ARRAYS**: Arrays- concepts, declaration, definition, accessing elements, storing elements, Strings and String Manipulations, 1-D arrays, 2-D arrays and character arrays, string manipulations, Multidimensional arrays, array applications: Matrix operations, checking the symmetricity of a Matrix

**.**

**STRINGS: concepts, c strings.**

**UNIT III:**

**Objective: Modular programming and recursive solution formulation**

**FUNCTIONS- MODULAR PROGRAMMING**: functions, basics, parameter passing, storage classes extern, auto, register, static, scope rules, block structure, user defined functions, standard library functions, recursive functions, Recursive solutions for fibonacci series, towers of Hanoi, header files, C Preprocessor, example c programs, Passing 1-D arrays, 2-D arrays to functions.

**UNIT IV:**

**Objective: Understanding pointers and dynamic memory allocation**

**POINTERS:**pointers- concepts, initialization of pointer variables, pointers and function arguments, passing by address- dangling memory, address arithmetic, character pointers and functions, pointers to pointers, pointers and multi-dimensional arrays, dynamic memory management functions, command line arguments

**UNIT V:**

**Objective: Understanding miscellaneous aspects of C**

**ENUMERATED, STRUCTURE AND UNION TYPES:**Derived types- structures- declaration, definition and initialization of structures, accessing structures, nested structures, arrays of structures, structures and functions, pointers to structures, self-referential structures, unions, typedef, bit-fields, program applications

**BIT-WISE OPERATORS: logical, shift, rotation, masks.**

**UNIT VI:**

**Objective: Comprehension of file operations**

**FILE HANDLING**: Input and output- concept of a file, text files and binary files, Formatted I/O, File I/O operations, example programs

**Text Books:**

- Problem Solving and Program Design in C, Hanly, Koffman, 7
^{th}ed, PERSON - Programming in C, Second Edition Pradip Dey and Manas Ghosh, OXFORD Higher Education
- Programming in C, A practical approach Ajay Mittal PEARSON
- The C programming Language by Dennis Richie and Brian Kernighan
- Programming in C, B. L. Juneja, Anith Seth, Cengage Learning.

**Reference Books:**

- C Programming, A Problem Solving Approach, Forouzan, Gilberg, Prasad, CENGAGE
- Programming with C, Bichkar, Universities Press
- Programming in C, Reema Thareja, OXFORD
- C by Example, Noel Kalicharan, Cambridge

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – I Semester.**

## CE 105- Environmental Studies

**Course Learning Objectives**

**:**

The objectives of the course is to impart

- Overall understanding of the natural recourses
- Understanding of the ecosystem and its diversity
- Acquaintance on various environmental challenges being induced because of the unplanned anthropogenic activities
- An understanding of the assessment of impact of a developmental activity
- Awareness on the social issues and environmental legislation and global treaties-
__Case studies of Minamita disease, Extinction of the Dodo, Bhopal tragedy, Polavaram Project, Narmada Valley, Mad Cow disease, Ganga Cleaning Program etc.__

**Course Outcomes:**

The student should have knowledge on

- The natural resources and their importance for the sustenance of the life and recognise the usefulness of the conservation of the natural resources
- The concepts of the ecosystem and its function in the environment. The need for protecting the producers and consumers in various ecosystems and their role in the food web.
- The biodiversity of India and the threats to biodiversity, and conservation practices to protect the biodiversity.
- Various attributes of the pollution and their impacts and measures to reduce or control the pollution along with waste management practices.
- Social issues both rural and urban environment and the possible means to combat the challenges.
- The environmental legislations of India and the first global initiatives towards sustainable development.
- Environmental Impact Assessment and the stages involved in EIA and the environmental audit.
__Quantitative expression of values of Resources, Impacts, Green technologies etc.__

Syllabus:

Syllabus:

**UNIT - I**

**Multidisciplinary nature of Environmental Studies:**Definition, Scope and Importance –Sustainability: Stockholm and Rio Summit–Global Environmental Challenges: Global warming and climate change, acid rains, ozone layer depletion, population growth and explosion, effects. Role of information Technology in Environment and human health

**Ecosystems:**Concept of an ecosystem. - Structure and function of an ecosystem. - Producers, consumers and decomposers. - Energy flow in the ecosystem - Ecological succession. - Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids. - Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of Forest ecosystem, Grassland ecosystem, Desert ecosystem, Aquatic ecosystems

**UNIT - II**

**Natural Resources:**Natural resources and associated problems

Forest resources – Use and over – exploitation, deforestation – Timber extraction – Mining, dams and other effects on forest and tribal people

Water resources – Use and over utilization of surface and ground water – Floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams – benefits and problems

Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources

Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by non-agriculture activities-effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity

Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources use of alternate energy sources.

Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, Wasteland reclamation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification. Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources. Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.

**UNIT - III**

**Biodiversity and its conservation:**Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity- classification - Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social

__and aesthetic use.__Biodiversity at national and local levels. India as a mega-diversity nation - Hot-spots of biodiversity - Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, man-wildlife conflicts - Endangered and endemic species of India – Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ measures.

**UNIT - IV**

**Environmental Pollution:**Definition, Cause, effects and control measures of Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, nuclear hazards. Role of an individual in prevention of pollution -

__Carbon trade__- Pollution case studies.

**Solid Waste Management:**Sources, classification, effects and control measures of urban and industrial solid wastes.

__Sanitary Landfilling, Composting, Incineration__. Consumerism and waste products.

**UNIT - V**

**Social Issues and the Environment:**Urban problems related to energy -Water conservation, rain water harvesting-Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns. Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions. Environmental Protection Act -Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. –Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act -Wildlife Protection Act -Forest Conservation Act-Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation - Public awareness.

**UNIT - VI**

Environmental Management: Environmental Impact Assessment and its significance, various stages of EIA, preparation of EMP and EIS, Environmental audit. Ecotourism.

Note: The student should submit a report individually on any issue related to Environmental Studies course and

make a power point presentation.

**Text Books:**

- Rajagopalan, Environmental Studies, 2
^{nd}Edition, 2011, Oxford University Press. - Shaashi Chawla: A Textbook of Environmental Studies. TMH, New delhi
- N. Palanisamy, P. Manikandan, A. Geetha, and K. Manjula Rani; Environmental Studies Pearson, Chennai

**Reference:**

- Text Book of Environmental Studies by Deeshita Dave & P. Udaya Bhaskar, Cengage Learning.
- Environmental Studies by K.V.S.G. Murali Krishna, VGS Publishers, Vijayawada .
- Benny Joseph: Environmental Studies, Tata McGrawhill Co, NewDelhi
- Piyush Malaviya, Pratibha Singh, Anoop singh: Environmental Studies, Acme Learning, New Delhi. ***

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – I Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

0 | 3 | 2 | ||

| ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY LABORATORY | |

**List of Experiments**

- Introduction to chemistry laboratory – Molarity, Normality, Primary, Secondary standard solutions, Volumetric titrations, Quantitative analysis, Quantitative analysis etc.,
- Trial experiment – Estimation of HCI using standard Na
_{2}co_{3}solutions - Estimation of KMnO
_{4 }using standard Oxalic acid solution. - Estimation of Ferric iron using standard K
_{2}Cr_{2}O_{7 } - Estimation of Copper using standard K
_{2}Cr_{2}O_{7 } - Estimation of Total Hardness water using standard EDTA solution.
- Estimation of Copper using standard EDTA solution.
- Estimation of Copper using Colorimeter
- Estimation of pH of the given sample solution using pH meter.
- Conductometric Titrations between strong acid and strong base
- Conductometric Titrations between strong acid and Weak base
- Potentiometric Titrations between strong acid and strong base
- Potentiometric Titrations between strong acid and Weak base
- Estimatinog of Zinc using standard potassium ferrocyanide solution
- Estimation of Vitamin – C

**TEXT BOOKSS**

- Jyotsna Cherukuis(2012)Laboratory Manual of Engineering Chemistry-II, VGS Techno Series
- Chemistry Practical Manual, Lorven Publications
- Mukkanti (2009) Practical Engineering Chemistry, B.S.Publication

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – I Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

0 | 3 | 2 | ||

| ENGLISH – COMMUNICATION SKILLS LAB – I | |

__Suggested Lab Manuals:__**OBJECTIVE:**To impart to the learner the skills of grammar as well as communication through listening, speaking, reading, and writing including soft, that is life skills.

**BASIC COMMUNICATION SKILLS**

UNIT 1 A. Greeting and Introductions

- Pure Vowels

UNIT 2 A. Asking for information and Requests

- Diphthongs

UNIT 3 A. Invitations

- Consonants

UNIT 4 A. Commands and Instructions

- Accent and Rhythm

UNIT 5 A. Suggestions and Opinions

- Intonation

**Text Book:**

- ‘Strengthen your Communication Skills’ Part-A by Maruthi Publications

__Reference Books:__- INFOTECH English (Maruthi Publications)
- Personality Development and Soft Skills ( Oxford University Press, New Delhi)

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – I Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

0 | 3 | 2 | ||

| C Programming Lab | |

**Exercise l**

- a) Write a C Program to calculate the area of triangle using the formula

area = ( s (s-a) (s-b)(s-c))

^{1/2}where s= (a+b+c)/2

- b) Write a C program to find the largest of three numbers using ternary operator.
- c) Write a C Program to swap two numbers without using a temporary variable.

**Exercise 2**

- a) 2’s complement of a number is obtained by scanning it from right to left and complementing all the bits after the first appearance of a 1. Thus 2’s complement of 11100 is 00100. Write a C program to find the 2’s complement of a binary number.
- b) Write a C program to find the roots of a quadratic equation.
- c) Write a C program, which takes two integer operands and one operator form the user, performs the operation and then prints the result. (Consider the operators +,-,*, /, % and use Switch Statement)

**Exercise 3**

**a)**Write a C program to find the sum of individual digits of a positive integer and find the reverse of the given number.**b)**A Fibonacci sequence is defined as follows: the first and second terms in the sequence are 0 and 1. Subsequent terms are found by adding the preceding two terms in the sequence. Write a C program to generate the first n terms of the**c)**Write a C program to generate all the prime numbers between 1 and n, where n is a value supplied by the user.

**Exercise 4**

- a) Write a C Program to print the multiplication table of a given number n up to a given value, where n is entered by the user.
- b) Write a C Program to enter a decimal number, and calculate and display the binary equivalent of that number.
- c) Write a C Program to check whether the given number is Armstrong number or not.

**Exercise 5**

- a) Write a C program to interchange the largest and smallest numbers in the array.
- b) Write a C program to implement a liner search.
- c) Write a C program to implement binary search

**Exercise 6**

**a)**Write a C program to implement sorting of an array of elements.- b) Write a C program to input two m x n matrices, check the compatibility and perform addition and multiplication of them

**Exercise 7**

Write a C program that uses functions to perform the following operations:

- To insert a sub-string in to given main string from a given position.
- To delete n Characters from a given position in a given string.

- To replace a character of string either from beginning or ending or at a specified location

**Exercise 8**

Write a C program that uses functions to perform the following operations using Structure:

- i) Reading a complex number ii) Writing a complex number

iii) Addition of two complex numbers iv) Multiplication of two complex numbers

**Exercise 9**

Write C Programs for the following string operations without using the built in functions

- to concatenate two strings

- to append a string to another string

- to compare two strings

**Exercise 10**

Write C Programs for the following string operations without using the built in functions

- to find the length of a string

- to find whether a given string is palindrome or not

**Exercise 11**

**a)**Write a C functions to find both the largest and smallest number of an array of integers.- b) Write C programs illustrating call by value and call by reference cncepts.

**Exercise 12**

Write C programs that use both recursive and non-recursive functions for the following

- i) To find the factorial of a given integer.
- ii) To find the GCD (greatest common divisor) of two given integers.

iii) To find Fibonacci sequence

**Exercise 13**

- a) Write C Program to reverse a string using pointers
- b) Write a C Program to compare two arrays using pointers

**Exercise 14**

- a) Write a C program consisting of Pointer based function to exchange value of two integers using passing by address.
- b) Write a C program to swap two numbers using pointers

**Exercise 15**

Examples which explores the use of structures, union and other user defined variables

**Exercise 16**

**a)**Write a C program which copies one file to another.**b)**Write a C program to count the number of characters and number of lines in a file.- c) Write a C Program to merge two files into a third file. The names of the files must be entered using command line arguments.

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – II Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

3+1* | 0 | 3 | ||

| ENGLISH –II(Common to All Branches) | |

__DETAILED TEXT-II :__**Sure Outcomes**: English for Engineers and Technologists

__Recommended Topics :__**TECHNOLOGY WITH A HUMAN FACE**

__OBJECTIVE__**:**To make the learner understand how modern life has been shaped by technology.

**: The proposed technology is people’s technology. It serves the human person instead of making him the servant of machines.**

__OUTCOME__**CLIMATE CHANGE AND HUMAN STRATEGY**

**: To make the learner understand how the unequal heating of earth’s surface by the Sun, an atmospheric circulation pattern is developed and maintained.**

__OBJECTIVE__**: The learner’s understand that climate must be preserved.**

__OUTCOME__**EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES**

**: To introduce the technologies of the 20**

__OBJECTIVE__^{th}century and 21

^{st}centuries to the learners.

**: The learner will adopt the applications of modern technologies such as nanotechnology.**

__OUTCOME__**WATER- THE ELIXIR OF LIFE**

**: To inform the learner of the various advantages and characteristics of water.**

__OBJECTIVE__**: The learners will understand that water is the elixir of life.**

__OUTCOME__**THE SECRET OF WORK**

**:**

__OBJECTIVE__**:**In this lesson, Swami Vivekananda highlights the importance of work for any development.

**: The students will learn to work hard with devotion and dedication.**

__OUTCOME__**WORK BRINGS SOLACE**

**: In this lesson Abdul Kalam highlights the advantage of work.**

__OBJECTIVE__**: The students will understand the advantages of work. They will overcome their personal problems and address themselves to national and other problems.**

__OUTCOME__

**Text Book**: ‘Sure Outcomes’ by Orient Black Swan Pvt. Ltd. Publishers

__NON-DETAILED TEXT:__

**(From Modern Trailblazers of Orient Blackswan)**

**(Common single Text book for two semesters)**

**(Semester I (1 to 4 lessons)/ Semester II (5 to 8 lessons)**

**C. Bose**

**OBJECTIVE:**To apprise of J.C.Bose’s original contributions.

**OUTCOME:**The learner will be inspired by Bose’s achievements so that he may start his own original work.

**Homi Jehangir Bhaba**

**OBJECTIVE:**To show Bhabha as the originator of nuclear experiments in India.

**OUTCOME:**The learner will be inspired by Bhabha’s achievements so as to make his own experiments.

**Vikram Sarabhai**

**OBJECTIVE:**To inform the learner of the pioneering experiments conducted by Sarabhai in nuclear energy and relevance of space programmes.

**OUTCOME:**The learner will realize that development is impossible without scientific research.

**A Shadow- R.K.Narayan**

**OBJECTIVE:**To expose the reader to the pleasure of the humorous story

**OUTCOME:**The learner will be in a position to appreciate the art of writing a short story and try his hand at it.

**Text Book:**‘Trail Blazers’ by Orient Black Swan Pvt. Ltd. Publishers

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – II Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

3+1* | 0 | 3 | ||

| MATHEMATICS – II(MATHEMATICAL METHODS)(Common to All Branches) | |

**Course Learning Objectives:**

The objectives of the course is to make the student understand how to

- apply numerical methods to obtain the roots of equations
- appy iterative schemes to solve initial value problems associated with ordinary differential equations
- express a given data points as a polynomial and a periodic function as an infinite series of orthonormal functions
- become competent enough to apply mathematical concepts in the Theory of signals and systems

**UNIT I: Solution of Algebraic and Transcendental Equations:**

Introduction- Bisection Method – Method of False Position – Iteration Method – Newton – Raphson Method (One variable and Simultaneous Equations)

**UNIT II: Interpolation:**

Introduction- Errors in Polynomial Interpolation – Finite differences- Forward Differences- Backward differences – Central differences – Symbolic relations and separation of symbols-Differences of a polynomial-Newton’s formulae for interpolation – Interpolation with unevenly spaced points – Lagrange’s Interpolation formula

**UNIT III: Numerical solution of Ordinary Differential equations:**

Solution by Taylor’s series - Picard’s Method of successive Approximations-Euler’s Method-Runge-Kutta Methods

**UNIT IV Fourier Series:**

Introduction- Determination of Fourier coefficients – even and odd functions – change of interval– Half-range sine and cosine series application: Amplitude, spectrum of a periodic function

**UNIT V: Fourier Transforms:**

Fourier integral theorem (only statement) – Fourier sine and cosine integrals - sine and cosine transforms – properties – inverse transforms – Finite Fourier transforms

**UNIT VI: Z-transform:**

Introduction– properties – Damping rule – Shifting rule – Initial and final value theorems -Inverse z transform- -Convolution theorem – Solution of difference equation by Z -transforms.

**BOOKS:**

**S. GREWAL,**Higher Engineering Mathematics, 42^{nd}Edition, Khanna Publishers**DEAN G. DUFFY,**Advanced Engineering Mathematics with MATLAB, CRC Press**S.SASTRY,**Introductory methods of numerical analysis, PHI Publications**RAVINDRANATH and P. VIJAYALAXMI,**Mathematical Methods, Himalaya

**Publishing House**

**ERWYN KREYSZIG,**Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 9^{th}Edition, Wiley-India

**Course outcomes:**

After completion of the course student could be able to

- Apply numerical methods for root finding and understand the importance of these
- methods in high dimensional engineering problems
- find an interpolating polynomial fitting a given points
- understand the importance of Fourier analysis in the fields of Electrical, Electronics,

Computer science, Thermal dynamics etc

SubjectCategory | ABET LearningObjectives | ABET Internal Assessments | JNTUK External Evaluation | Remarks |

Theory Design Analysis Algorithms Drawing Others | a) Apply knowledge of math, science, & engineering b) Design & conduct experiments, analyze & interpret data c) Design a system/process to meet desired needs within economic, social, political, ethical, health/safety, manufacturability, & sustainability constraints d) Function on multidisciplinary teams e) Identify, formulate, & solve engineering problems f) Understand professional & ethical responsibilities g) Communicate effectively h) Understand impact of engineering solutions in global, economic, environmental, & societal context i) Recognize need for & be able to engage in lifelong learning j) Know contemporary issues k) Use techniques, skills, modern tools for engineering practices | 1. Objective tests 2. Essay questions tests 3. Peer tutoring based 4. Simulation based 5. Design oriented 6. Problem based 7. Experiential (project based) based 8. Lab work or field work based 9. Presentation based 10. Case Studies based 11. Role-play based 12. Portfolio based | A. Questions should have: B. Definitions, Principle of operation or philosophy of concept. C. Mathematical treatment, derivations, analysis, synthesis, numerical problems with inference. D. Design oriented problems E. Trouble shooting type of questions F. Applications related questions G. Brain storming questions |

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – II Semester.**

MATHEMATICS – III (LINEAR ALGEBRA & VECTOR CALCULUS)(Common to All Branches) | T | P | C |

3+1* | 0 | 3 | |

**Course Learning Objectives:**

The objectives of the course is to make the student understand the

- Importance of matrix methods in high dimensional engineering problems (ex.: electrical circuits) and finding the solutions of system of equations.
- Integral calculus over regions in plane and space and applications to area and volumes.
- Analyze and solve the engineering problems in mathematical aspect and interpret the solutions in terms of the actual problem.

**UNIT I Linear systems of equations:**

Rank-Echelon form, Normal form – Solution of Linear Systems – Direct Methods- Gauss Elimination - Gauss Jordon and Gauss Seidal Methods.

Application: Finding the current in an electrical circuit.

**UNIT II Eigen values - Eigen vectors and Quadratic forms:**

Eigen values - Eigen vectors– Properties – Iteration method to find largest eigen value and eigen vectors - Cayley-Hamilton Theorem - Inverse and powers of a matrix by using Cayley-Hamilton theorem Quadratic forms- Reduction of quadratic form to canonical form – Rank - Positive, negative definite - semi definite - index – signature.

Application: Free vibration of a two-mass system.

**UNIT III**

**Multiple integrals:**

Review concepts of Curve tracing (Cartesian - Polar and Parametric curves)-

Applications of Integration to Lengths, and Surface areas of revolution in Cartesian and Polar Coordinates.

Multiple integrals - double and triple integrals – change of variables – Change of order of Integration

Application: Areas of surfaces and volumes of solids, Moments of inertia.

**UNIT IV**

**Special functions:**

Beta and Gamma functions- Properties - Relation between Beta and Gamma functions

Application: Evaluation of improper integrals

**UNIT V Vector Differentiation:**

Gradient- Divergence- Curl - Laplacian and second order operators -Vector identities

Application: Equation of continuity, potential surfaces, irrotational fields, potential functions

**UNIT VI Vector Integration:**

Line integral – work done – Potential function – surface integral –area, volume integral-volume- Vector integral theorems: Greens, Stokes and Gauss Divergence Theorems (Without proof) and related problems.

Application: work done, Force

**BOOKS:**

**GREENBERG,**Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 9^{th}Edition, Wiley-India**V. RAMANA,**Higher Engineering Mathematics, Tata McGrawhill**ERWIN KREYSZIG,**Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 9^{th}Edition, Wiley-India**PETER O’NEIL,**Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Cengage Learning**W. JORDAN AND T. SMITH,**Mathematical Techniques, Oxford University Press

**Course outcomes:**

After completion of the course student could be able to

- apply numerical methods to find the solutions of system of equations
- find eigenvalues and eigen vectors
- evaluate multiple and triple integrals and apply the concepts to find the physical quantities like surface areas and volumes of solids
- understand the importance of vector differential and integral calculus and interpret the
- physical and engineering concepts (electromagnetic theory, circuit theory etc) in an elegant way

SubjectCategory | ABET LearningObjectives | ABET Internal Assessments | JNTUK External Evaluation | Remarks |

Theory Design Analysis Algorithms Drawing Others | a) Apply knowledge of math, science, & engineering b) Design & conduct experiments, analyze & interpret data c) Design a system/process to meet desired needs within economic, social, political, ethical, health/safety, manufacturability, & sustainability constraints d) Function on multidisciplinary teams e) Identify, formulate, & solve engineering problems f) Understand professional & ethical responsibilities g) Communicate effectively h) Understand impact of engineering solutions in global, economic, environmental, & societal context i) Recognize need for & be able to engage in lifelong learning j) Know contemporary issues k) Use techniques, skills, modern tools for engineering practices | 1. Objective tests 2. Essay questions tests 3. Peer tutoring based 4. Simulation based 5. Design oriented 6. Problem based 7. Experiential (project based) based 8. Lab work or field work based 9. Presentation based 10. Case Studies based 11. Role-play based 12. Portfolio based | A. Questions should have: B. Definitions, Principle of operation or philosophy of concept. C. Mathematical treatment, derivations, analysis, synthesis, numerical problems with inference. D. Design oriented problems E. Trouble shooting type of questions F. Applications related questions G. Brain storming questions |

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – II Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

3+1* | 0 | 3 | ||

| ENGINEERING PHYSICS | |

**UNIT-I**

**PHYSICAL OPTICS FOR INSTRUMENTS**

“Objective Designing an instrument and enhancing the resolution for its operation would be effective as achieved through study of applicational aspects of physical Optics”

**INTERFACE:**Introduction – Interference in thin films by reflection – Newton’s rings.

**DIFFRACTION:**Introduction – Fraunhofer diffraction - Fraunhofer diffraction at double slit (qualitative) – Diffraction grating – Grating spectrum – Resolving power of a grating – Rayleigh’s criterion for resolving power.

**POLARIZATION:**Introduction – Types of Polarization – Double refraction – Quarter wave plate ad Half Wave plate.

**UNIT-II**

**COHERENT OPTICS – COMMUNICATIONS AND STRUCTURE OF MATERIALS**

Objectives while lasers are trusted Non-linear coherent sources established for the fitness of instrumentation, establishing a structure property relationship for materials requires allotment of an equivalent footing in convening the physics knowledge base.

**LASERS:**Introduction – coherent sources – Characteristics of lasers – Spontaneous and Stimulated emission of radiation – Einstein’s coefficients – Population inversion – Three and Four level pumping schemes – Ruby laser – Helium Neon laser.

**FIBER OPTICS:**Introduction – Principle of Optical Fiber – Acceptance angle and acceptance cone – Numerical aperture.

**CRYSTALLOGRAPHY:**Introduction – Space lattice – Basis – Unit Cell – Lattice parameters – Bravais lattices – Crystal systems – Structures and packing fractions of SC, BCC and FCC

**X-RAY DIFFRACTION TECHNIQUES**: Directions and planes in crystals – Miller indices – Separation between successive [h k l] planes – Bragg’s law.

**UNIT-III**

**MAGNETIC, ELECTRIC FIELD RESPONSE OF MATERIALS & SUPERCONDUCTIVITY**

“Objective many of the Electrical or Electronic gadgets are designed basing on the response of naturally abundant and artificially made materials, while their response to E- or H- fields controls their performance.

**MAGNETIC PROPERTIES**: Magnetic permeability – Magnetization – Organ or magnetic moment – Classification of Magnetic materials – Dir, para, Ferro, anti-Ferro and ferri-magnetism – Hysteresis curve

**DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES**: Introduction – Dielectric constant – Electronic, ionic and orientational polarization – internal fields – Clausius – Mossotti equation – Dielectric loss, Breakdown and Strength.

**SUPERCONDUCTIVITY**: General properties – Meissner effect – Type I and Type II superconductors – BCS Theory Flux quantization London’s equations – Penetration depth – DC and AC Josephson effects – SQUIDS.

**UNIT – IV**

**ACOUSTICS AND EM – FIELDS:**

**Objective:**The utility and nuances of ever pervading SHM and its consequences would be the first hand-on to as it clearly conveyed through the detailed studies of Acoustics of Buildings, while vectorial concepts of EM fields paves the student to gear – up for a deeper understanding.

**ACOUSTICS:**Sound absorption, absorption coefficient and its measurements, Reverberations time – Sabine’s formula, Eyring’s formula.

**ELECTRO-MAGNETIC FIELDS**: Gauss and stokes theorems (qualitative) – Fundamental laws of electromagnetism – Maxwell’s Electromagnetic Equations (Calculus approach).

**UNIT – V**

**QUANTUM MECHANICS FOR ELECTRONIC TRANSPORT**

Objective: The discrepancy between classical estimates and laboratory observations of physical properties exhibited by materials would be lifted out through the understanding quantum picture of sub-atomic world dominated by electron and its presence.

**QUANTUM MECHANICS**: Introduction to matter waves – Schrodinger Time Independent and Time Dependent wave equations – Particle in a box.

**FREE ELECTRON THEORY**: Classical free electron theory – electrical conductivity – Mean free path – Relaxation time and drifty velocity – Quantum free electron theory – Fermi – Dirac (analytical) and its dependence on temperature – Fermi energy – density of states – derivations for current density.

**BAND THEORY OF SOLIDS**: Bloch theorem (qualitative) – Kronig – Penney model – Origin of energy band formation in solids – Classification of materials into conductors, semi – conductors & insulators – Concepts of effective mass of electron - concept of hole.

**UNIT – VI**

**SEMICONDUCTOR PHYSICS:**

Objective: In the wake of ever increasing demand for the space and power the watch word “small is beautiful”, understanding the physics of electronic transport as underlying mechanism for appliances would provide a knowledge base.

Introduction – Intrinsic semiconductor and carrier concentration – Equation for conductivity – Extrinsic semiconductor and carrier concentration – Drift and diffusion – Einstein’s equation – Hall Effect – direct & indirect band gap semiconductors – Electronic transport Mechanism for LEDs, Photo conductors and solar cells.

**TEXT BOOKS**

- Solid state Physics by A.J. Dekker (Mc Millan India Ltd)
- A text book of Engineering Physics by M.N. Avadhanulu & P.G. Kshirasagar (S. Chand publications)
- Engineering Physics b;y M.R. Srinivasan (New Age international publishers )

**REFERENCE BOOKS**

- ‘Introduction to solid state physics’ by Charles Kittle (Willey India Pvt.Ltd)
- ‘Applied Physics’ by T. Bhimasenkaram (BSP BH Publications )
- ‘Applied Physics’ by Arumugam (Anuradha Agencies)
- ‘Engineering Physics’ by Palanisamy ( Scitech Publishers )
- ‘Engineering Physics’ by D.K.Bhattacharya ( Oxford University press)
- ‘Engineering Physics’ by Mani Naidu S (Pearson Publications)
- ‘Engineering Physics’ by Sanjay D Jain and Girish G Sahasrabudhe (University Press)
- ‘Engineering Physics’ by B.K.Pandey & S. Chaturvedi ( Cengage Learning )

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – II Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

3+1* | 0 | 3 | ||

| Professional Ethics and Human Values | |

**UNIT I: Human Values**:

Morals, Values and Ethics – Integrity – Work Ethics – Service Learning – Civic Virtue – Respect for others – Living Peacefully – Caring – Sharing – Honesty –Courage – Value time – Co-operation – Commitment – Empathy – Self-confidence – Spirituality- Character.

**UNIT II: Engineering Ethics:**

The History of Ethics-Purposes for Engineering Ethics-Engineering Ethics-Consensus and Controversy –Professional and Professionalism –Professional Roles to be played by an Engineer –Self Interest, Customs and Religion-Uses of Ethical Theories-Professional Ethics-Types of Inquiry – Engineering and Ethics-Kohlberg’s Theory – Gilligan’s Argument –Heinz’s Dilemma.

**UNIT III: Engineering as Social Experimentation:**

Comparison with Standard Experiments – Knowledge gained – Conscientiousness – Relevant Information – Learning from the Past – Engineers as Managers, Consultants, and Leaders – Accountability – Role of Codes – Codes and Experimental Nature of Engineering.

**UNIT IV: Engineers’ Responsibility for Safety and Risk:**

Safety and Risk, Concept of Safety – Types of Risks – Voluntary v/s Involuntary Risk- Short term v/s Long term Consequences- Expected Probability- Reversible Effects- Threshold Levels for Risk- Delayed v/s Immediate Risk- Safety and the Engineer – Designing for Safety – Risk-Benefit Analysis-Accidents.

**UNIT V: Engineers’ Responsibilities and Rights:**

Collegiality-Techniques for Achieving Collegiality –Two Senses of Loyalty-obligations of Loyalty-misguided Loyalty – professionalism and Loyalty- Professional Rights –Professional Responsibilities – confidential and proprietary information-Conflict of Interest-solving conflict problems – Self-interest, Customs and Religion- Ethical egoism-Collective bargaining-Confidentiality-Acceptance of Bribes/Gifts-when is a Gift and a Bribe-examples of Gifts v/s Bribes-problem solving-interests in other companies-Occupational Crimes-industrial espionage-price fixing-endangering lives- Whistle Blowing-types of whistle blowing-when should it be attempted-preventing whistle blowing.

**UNIT VI: Global Issues:**

Globalization- Cross-culture Issues-Environmental Ethics-Computer Ethics-computers as the instrument of Unethical behaviour-computers as the object of Unethical Acts-autonomous computers-computer codes of Ethics-Weapons Development-Ethics and Research-Analyzing Ethical Problems in Research-Intellectual Property Rights.

********

**Text Books:**

- “Engineering Ethics and Human Values” by M.Govindarajan, Natarajan and V.S.SenthilKumar-PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd-2009
- “Professional Ethics and Morals” by Prof.A.R.Aryasri, Dharanikota Suyodhana-Maruthi Publications
- “Professional Ethics and Human Values” by A.Alavudeen, R.Kalil Rahman and M.Jayakumaran- Laxmi Publications
- “Professional Ethics and Human Values” by Prof.D.R.Kiran-
- “Indian Culture, Values and Professional Ethics” by PSR Murthy-BS Publication
- “Ethics in Engineering” by Mike W. Martin and Roland Schinzinger – Tata McGraw-Hill – 2003.
- “Engineering Ethics” by Harris, Pritchard and Rabins, CENGAGE Learning, India Edition, 2009.

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – II Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

3+1* | 0 | 3 | ||

| ENGINEERING DRAWING | |

**Objective**: Engineering drawing being the principle method of communication for engineers, the objective to introduce the students, the techniques of constructing the various types of polygons, curves and scales. The objective is also to visualize and represent the 3D objects in 2D planes with proper dimensioning, scaling etc.

**UNIT I**

Objective: The objective is to introduce the use and the application of drawing instruments and to make the students construct the polygons, curves and various types of scales. The student will be able to understand the need to enlarge or reduce the size of objects in representing them.

Polygons, Construction of regular polygons using given length of a side; Ellipse, arcs of circles and Oblong methods; Scales – Vernier and Diagonal scales.

**UNIT II**

Objective: The objective is to introduce orthographic projections and to project the points and lines parallel to one plane and inclined to other.

Introduction to orthographic projections; projections of points; projections of straight lines parallel to both the planes; projections of straight lines – parallel to one plane and inclined to the other plane.

**UNIT III**

Objective: The objective is to make the students draw the projections of the lines inclined to both the planes.

Projections of straight lines inclined to both the planes, determination of true lengths, angle of inclinations and traces.

**UNIT IV**

Objective: The objective is to make the students draw the projections of the plane inclined to both the planes.

Projections of planes: regular planes perpendicular/parallel to one plane and inclined to the other reference plane; inclined to both the reference planes.

**UNIT V**

Objective: The objective is to make the students draw the projections of the various types of solids in different positions inclined to one of the planes.

Projections of Solids – Prisms, Pyramids, Cones and Cylinders with the axis inclined to one of the planes.

**UNIT VI**

Objective: The objective is to represent the object in 3D view through isometric views. The student will be able to represent and convert the isometric view to orthographic view and vice versa.

Conversion of isometric views to orthographic views; Conversion of orthographic views to isometric views.

**TEXT BOOKS:**

- Engineering Drawing by N.D. Butt, Chariot Publications
- Engineering Drawing by K.L.Narayana & P. Kannaiah, Scitech Publishers.
- Engineering Graphics by PI Varghese, McGrawHill Publishers

**REFERENCE BOOKS:**

- Engineering Graphics for Degree by K.C. John, PHI Publishers
- Engineering Drawing by Agarwal & Agarwal, Tata McGraw Hill Publishers
- Engineering Drawing + AutoCad – K Venugopal, V. Prabhu Raja, New Age

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – II Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

0 | 3 | 2 | ||

| ENGLISH – COMMUNICATION SKILLS LAB – II | |

__Suggested Lab Manuals:__**OBJECTIVE:**To impart to the learner the skills of grammar as well as communication through listening, speaking, reading, and writing including soft, that is life skills.

**ADVANCED COMMUNICATION SKILLS**

**UNIT- 6 Body language**

UNIT- 7 Dialogues

UNIT -8 Interviews and Telephonic Interviews

UNIT- 9 Group Discussions

UNIT- 10 Presentation Skills

UNIT -11 Debates

**Text Book:**

**‘Strengthen your Communication Skills’ Part-B by Maruthi Publications**

__Reference Books:__- INFOTECH English (Maruthi Publications)
- Personality Development and Soft Skills ( Oxford University Press, New Delhi)

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – II Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

0 | 3 | 2 | ||

| ENGINEERING PHYSICS LAB | |

**List of Experiments**

- Determination of wavelength of a source-Diffraction Grating-Normal incidence
- Newton’s rings –Radius of Curvature of Plano_Convex Lens.
- Determination of thickness of a thin object using parallel interference fringes.
- Determination of Rigidity modulus of a material- Torsional Pendulum.
- Determination of Acceleration due to Gravity and Radius of Gyration- Compound Pendulum.
- Melde’s experiment – Transverse and Longitudinal modes.
- Verification of laws of stretched string – Sonometer.
- Determination of velocity of sound – Volume resonator.
- L C R Senes Resonance Circuit
- Study of I/V Characteristics of Semiconductor diode
- I/V characteristics of Zener diode
- Thermistor characteristics – Temperature Coefficient
- Magnetic field along the axis of a current carrying coil – Stewart and Gee’s apparatus.
- Energy Band gap of a Semiconductor p.n junction.
- Hall Effect for semiconductor.

**REFERENCE:**

- Engineering Physics Lab Manual by Dr.Y. Aparna & Dr.K.Venkateswarao (V.G.S.Book links)
- Physics practical manual, Lorven Publications.

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – II Semester.**

| | T | P | C |

0 | 3 | 2 | ||

| ENGINEERING WORKSHOP AND IT WORKSHOP | |

__ENGINEERING WORKSHOP:__**Course Objective:**To impart hands-on practice on basic engineering trades and skills.

Note: At least two exercises to be done from each trade.

**Trade:**

**Carpentry**1. T-Lap Joint

- Cross Lap Joint
- Dovetail Joint
- Mortise and Tennon Joint

**Fitting**1. Vee Fit

- Square Fit
- Half Round Fit
- Dovetail Fit

**Black Smithy**1. Round rod to Square

- S-Hook
- Round Rod to Flat Ring
- Round Rod to Square headed bolt

**House Wiring**1. Parallel / Series Connection of three bulbs

- Stair Case wiring
- Florescent Lamp Fitting
- Measurement of Earth Resistance

**Tin Smithy**1. Taper Tray

- Square Box without lid
- Open Scoop
- Funnel

__IT WORKSHOP:__**Objectives:**Enabling the student to understand basic hardware and software tools through practical exposure

**PC Hardware:**

**Identification of basic peripherals, assembling a PC, installation of system software like MS Windows, device drivers. Troubleshooting Hardware and software _ some tips and tricks.**

**Internet & World Wide Web:**

Different ways of hooking the PC on to the internet from home and workplace and effectively usage of the internet, web browsers, email, newsgroups and discussion forums .Awareness of cyber hygiene( protecting the personal computer from getting infected with the viruses), worms and other cyber-attacks .

**Productivity tools**crafting professional word documents; excel spread sheets, power point presentations and personal web sites using the Microsoft suite of office tools

**(Note: Student should be thoroughly exposed to minimum of 12 Tasks)**

**PC Hardware**

**Task 1**

**: Identification of the peripherals of a computer.**

To prepare a report containing the block diagram of the CPU along with the configuration of each peripheral and its functions. Description of various I/O Devices

**Task 2(Optional):**A practice on disassembling the components of a PC and assembling them to back to working condition.

**Task 3:**Examples of Operating systems- DOS, MS Windows, Installation of MS windows on a PC.

**Task 4:**Introduction to Memory and Storage Devices, I/O Port, Device Drivers, Assemblers, Compilers, Interpreters, Linkers, Loaders.

**Task 5:**

**Hardware Troubleshooting (**

**Demonstration):**

Identification of a problem and fixing a defective PC (improper assembly or defective peripherals).

**Software Troubleshooting (Demonstration):**Identification of a problem and fixing the PC for any software issues

**Internet & Networking Infrastructure**

**Task 6**: Demonstrating Importance of Networking, Transmission Media, Networking Devices- Gateway, Routers, Hub, Bridge, NIC, Bluetooth Technology, Wireless Technology, Modem, DSL, and Dialup Connection.

**Orientation & Connectivity Boot Camp and web browsing:**Students are trained to configure the network settings to connect to the Internet. They are trained to demonstrate the same through web browsing (including all tool bar options) and email access.

**Task 7**:

**Search Engines & Netiquette:**

Students are enabled to use search engines for simple search, academic search and any other context based search (Bing, Google etc). Students are acquainted to the principles of micro-blogging, wiki, collaboration using social networks, participating in online technology forums

**Task 8: Cyber Hygiene (**

**Demonstration):**Awareness of various threats on the internet. Importance of security patch updates and anti-virus solutions. Ethical Hacking, Firewalls, Multi-factor authentication techniques including Smartcard, Biometrics are also practiced

**Word**

**Task 9: MS Word Orientation:**

Accessing, overview of toolbars, saving files, Using help and resources, rulers, formatting ,Drop Cap , Applying Text effects, Using Character Spacing, OLE in Word, using templates, Borders and Colors, Inserting Header and Footer, Using Date and Time option, security features in word, converting documents while saving

**Task 10: Creating project :**Abstract Features to be covered:-Formatting Styles, Inserting table, Bullets and Numbering, Changing Text Direction, Cell alignment, Footnote, Hyperlink, Symbols, Spell Check , Track Changes, Images from files and clipart, Drawing toolbar and Word Art, Formatting Images, Textboxes and Paragraphs.

**Excel**

**Task 11:**Using spread sheet features of EXCEL including the macros, formulae, pivot tables, graphical representations

**Creating a Scheduler -**Features to be covered: - Gridlines, Format Cells, Summation, auto fill, Formatting Text

**LOOKUP/VLOOKUP**

**Task 12: Performance Analysis**- Features to be covered: - Split cells, freeze panes, group and outline, Sorting, Boolean and logical operators, Conditional formatting

**Power Point**

**Task 13:**Students will be working on basic power point utilities and tools which help them create basic power point presentation. Topic covered during this week includes :- PPT Orientation, Slide Layouts, Inserting Text, Word Art, Formatting Text, Bullets and Numbering, Auto Shapes, Lines and Arrows, Hyperlinks, Inserting –Images, Clip Art, Tables and Charts in PowerPoint

*.*

**Task 14:**Focusing on the power and potential of Microsoft power point. Helps them learn best practices in designing and preparing power point presentation. Topic covered during this week includes: - Master Layouts (slide, template, and notes), Types of views (basic, presentation, slide slotter, notes etc.), and Inserting – Background, textures, Design Templates, Hidden slides, OLE in PPT.

**TEXT BOOK:**

**Faculty to consolidate the workshop manuals using the following references**

- Computer Fundamentals, Anita Goel, Pearson
- Scott Mueller’s Upgrading and Repairing PCs, 18/e, Scott. Mueller, QUE, Pearson,2008
- Information Technology Workshop,3e, G Praveen Babu, M V Narayana BS Publications.
- Comdex Information Technology, Vikas Gupta, dreamtech.

**REFERENCE BOOK:**

Essential Computer and IT Fundamentals for Engineering and Science Students, Dr. N.B. Venkateswarlu

**UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING KAKINADA**

**I Year B. Tech Civil Engineering – II Semester.**

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0 | 3 | 2 | ||

| Engineering PhysicsVirtual Labs - Assignments | |

**List of Experiments**

- Hall Effect
- Crystal Structure
- Hysteresis
- Brewster’s angle
- Magnetic Levitation / SQUID
- Numerical Aperture of Optical fiber
- Photoelectric Effect
- Simple Harmonic Motion
- Damped Harmonic Motion
- LASER – Beam Divergence and Spot size